Wild animals – True Gems On Our Planet
Mother Earth is our ancestral heritage. Not only humans but flora and fauna are also the equally vital part of the natural world. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 8.7 million is estimated total number of species that exist on the Earth with 10,000 new species discovered every year. Some factors, which are discussed below, are leading to the depletion of our ecosystem. Many species are already extinct while many are on the verge of extinction. In 2012, IUCN Red list declared 3079 species of animals and 2655 species of plants as endangered. The quality and quantity of wild life and their habitat is gradually falling for decades. Human beings are the part of ecosystem; being one of a kind among millions, have learnt to grow as a part of it rather than moving apart. It is solemn duty of the mankind to protect the wild life and further prevent them from extinction.
To prevent animals from being listed as endangered, there is a need to take note of the factors that terminate them. A rapid increase in human population and the demand for resources is the main cause for depletion of the natural habitat of the wildlife. With a decrease in the natural territory, wild animals have to look high and low for shelter and food. Deforestation is the chief root, followed by natural disasters. Hunting and poaching animals have been a long practice since ages which has endangered a lot of species. Pollution and global warming result in the death of thousands of wild animals per year. The trend of genetic modification is a serious threat to the wildlife. Various other factors also contribute towards the decrease in the number of wild life species.
There are many foundations and trusts that rescue wild animals and provide them the natural habitats to live in. Membership of animal conserving organizations is emerging with the help of TV promotions about wildlife conservation. There are funders like ASPCA which grants for animal welfare in the United States and provide funding to all the foundations in the 50 states. The organizations rescuing wild animals raise funds through the donations and use the money to provide the basic facilities to the rescued animals. The rescued animals are given proper medical attention along with natural habitat, food, and water. Human activity results in thousands of animals being sick, injured and orphaned. These animals may suffer and die in pain or of starvation if left unattended. These foundations focus on wild care when any animal is found in distress.
Objectives and Vision
- Rescue and care for sick, injured, orphaned and displaced wildlife with the intention of returning them to the wild.
- Provide training to volunteers in all aspects of wildlife rehabilitation.
- Promote the protection of wildlife by maintaining and re-establishing habitat, and by controlling feral and domestic animals.
- Advise the community on solutions to wildlife problems.
- Raise public awareness of wildlife and its diverse habitat requirements through community talks and education programs.
- Operate an efficient wildlife organization which can be contacted at any time by any person.
Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service Inclusive, Wildlife Victoria and Wildcare Australia Inclusive are the three main foundations that serve the wild animals in Australia. WIRES being the largest organization in the Australia have been serving the animals for past thirty years. Over the last year, Wildlife Victoria had rescued 43,528 different animals. Wildcare Australia aims to provide medical facilities to the accident prone animals with the aim of returning them to wild.
All the wildlife rescues in southeast Queensland are provided by Wildcare Australia Inc. It is licensed by the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection and also holds a Group Rehabilitation Permit. This Permit allows its members who have completed necessary training to care for sick, injured and orphaned wildlife.
Asia is home to largest species of both flora and fauna. There are different trusts set up in different parts of the continent. Animals Asia and Wildlife Friends Foundation Thailand are the leading foundations that provide shelter to the orphan, physically challenged and rescued animals. With an aim to abolish barbaric bear bile trade, Animals Asia had rescued 500 bears and kept them in sanctuaries in China and Vietnam.
India has many wildlife parks and sanctuaries. Jim Corbett Nation Park in Nainital, Uttar Pradesh is the biggest animal shelter in India with over an area of 500 square kilometers. It conserves different species of animals like Tiger, panther, sloth bear, hyena, elephant, blue deer, barking deer, Indian antelope, porcupine, pecker barbet, crocodile, python etc. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary situated in Assam is the biggest home of rhinoceros whereas Manas Wildlife Sanctuary has most number of tigers in India.
African wildlife foundation has been working continuously for increasing the population of giant African Elephants, rhinoceros, and hippopotamus. There are seventeen different wildlife parks, sanctuaries, and reserves over the continent. Despite this, African large cats are facing a treat of uncertain future. Africa lies in the equatorial region. The temperature during the peak hours of summer months can easily lead to dehydration causing a large number of deaths.
Many measures are taken by the foundations by building canals and providing flowing water to the animal habitat. All these efforts have resulted in an increase of population of elephants. There have been fourteen percent increase in their population from 2014 to 2017. Cameroon is habitat to both savanna species such as lions and giraffes and primates like chimpanzees and gorilla.
There are more than forty five wildlife parks and sanctuaries in the Europe. Some of them are government funded while others are privately owned. Europe has a diverse variety of flora and fauna. It is the only continent which lies in the North Polar Region, so many different species exist there. Eurogroup for wild animals is the biggest active foundation in the continent which serves to the wild. It is against the use of animals in circus and dolphin aria for public entertainment because this causes psychological problems in the animals. Some of the major problems faced by them are-
- The ability to execute many natural behaviors is abolished.
- The animals are expected to perform unnatural behaviors.
- The training of the animals involves physical punishment.
- The animals are not provided the diet they need for their complete development.
The animals and exotic pets kept in captivity are not provided the environment they are naturally born to live in. This organization cares for the animals to the best of their extent. The rescued animals are then shifted to these wildlife parks. Many of these are not open to the public. Some parks like Howletts Wild Animal Park and Port Lympne Wild Animal Park are open to the public.
There are a lot of wild life rehab centers situated in South America. Below you can see some of the major ones based on their region. Each one of them has exactly the same mission, to help and rescue the animals in need.
- Wildlife Education and Rehabilitation Center Inclusive
- Coast and Canyon Wildlife Rehabilitation
- Wildlife Rehabilitation Center of Minnesota
- CLAWS Inc.
- Pocono Wildlife Rehabilitation and Education Center
- Skye’s Spirit Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
- Texas Wildlife Rehabilitation Coalition
- Florida Keys Wild Bird Rehabilitation Center
- Wildlife Images Rehabilitation and Education Center
- Greenwood Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
- The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center
- Cape Wildlife Center
- El Puma Ecological Park: Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Center
- Black Howler Monkeys Volunteer Center
- Proyecto Asis: Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Center
- Rancho Mastatal: Environmental Learning Center & Lodge
- La Tortuga Feliz: Sea Turtle Conservation
- The Ara Project/Hatched to Fly Free
All these organizations cover the different aspects. There are a large variety of wild animals that are rescued, treated by these and study is done about their physical appearances and their behavior patterns. Some of these organizations are the leading research centers too. These centers are known for their different animal species that are kept and nurtured by them. These organizations are spread all over the South America and provide emergency help to the wildlife.
Every province of the Canada has their own wildlife rescue organizations. The forests of Nova Scotia are the home to twenty percent fauna found in the country. The Wildlife Rescue Association of British Columbia was setup in 1979 to rehabilitate wildlife affected by human activity and natural circumstances. The Alberta Institute for Wildlife Conversation is operating since 1993 and is specifically focusing on injured animals. It serves the Calgary region and southern Alberta.
According to the Ontario Wildlife Organization, “The first 24 to 48 hours after a wild animal is found is the most critical. They usually have been without food or water for a while and are confused and afraid. Connecting with wildlife professional quickly can save their life.” They serve their best to the animals fighting for their survival. The chief motto is to save the lives of injured animals. Toronto Wildlife Centre is a licensed wildlife rehabilitation facility operating under permissions granted by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Canadian Wildlife Services. It also follows the Wildlife Rehabilitators Code of Ethics written together by NWRA and IWRC.
FROM THE BLOG
Our earth is home to a large number of species which include Homo sapiens, flora, and fauna. All plants and animals are an important part of our ecosystem. All birds, reptiles, marine life all are the important part of our food chain. These are all dependent on each other in one or another way. Any depletion in any level of the food chain would result in the collapse of the whole food chain. The famous scientist, Sir Albert Einstein already released an official statement that if only bees disappear from Earth, entire human life will end in just four years. Does the humankind want to take such chance? What can be more important than our survival? Bees, which come under a lower level of the food chain, can cause such havoc then think of the consequences if the upper level of food chain extinct.
Importance of preserving the wildlife
Why do we need to save the wild animals? What is their importance? Why should we make a step towards their preservation? The first primary aspect is we are humans, we the part of this ecosystem. We have managed to develop with nature, not apart from it. It is our duty to protect every single species of both plants and animals as they are a major part of our planet. We have to preserve the endangered species so that we would not lose them permanently.
Have you ever thought what if the dinosaurs were still alive? We do not want our children to just read about the tigers, which is the national animal of India in books only. Like tigers, every wild animal has its importance. To remove animals from the list of endangered, we need to preserve them. Already many species have left the world, and we were not able to do anything except remembering their existence.
And, if we cannot do anything to conserve them then who gave us the right to take their natural habitat from them? Who gave us the right to remove the forests which are their homes, to make our houses? Nobody gave us the right to take their precious lives by hunting them for their skin and fur. We are humans, we have feelings, and then how can we take their lives for the sake of fun? Is it a good idea to keep them in captivities for entertainment?
It not only takes their freedom but also tortures them mentally. The animals kept in zoos do not know how to hunt animals for their flesh. They do not know how to survive in the wildlife, and it abolishes their natural capability to hunt. Animals too have feelings; they perform in the circus not to entertain us but to get their feed. We are indirectly hurting them, does this is what humanity is supposed to do? What if you are kept in captivity for your entire life and made to perform in the circus? We should not commit this crime and raise our voice against animal cruelty. Our one support can save many lives.
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Built in the area of ninety acres, Howletts Wild Animal Park is zoo situated near Canterbury, Kent which inhabits the different rescued animals from all over the United Kingdom. There are more than four hundred and fifty species of animals that can be found there. This park has been owned by The John Aspinall Foundation. The basic aim of this park is to develop a sound relationship between the animals and the staff and to breed rare and endangered species from all over the Europe. This park hosts the finest breed of western lowland gorillas in the world. These mammals are native to the Democratic Republic of Congo; these are breed up here by providing the artificial habitat created by the park caretakers.
These animals are adaptable to wetlands and the rain forests. Large swampy forests give protection to the gorillas. As the same habitat was not available at the park, the officials created the same by planting trees and creating forest so that the gorillas could live their life without any issues. This artificially created park also helped the gorillas in safest breeding. Gorillas were killed for their skin and meat in Africa and sold to the zoos for captivity which leads to building up stress in them. This park provided them the protection and best living standards. This also led to building a strong relationship with the animal. The scientific study of gorillas is made possible only because of this park. The park also hosts a great number of elephants and the lion tailed macaques. In the United Kingdom, this park is the largest breeding group of these animals. Howletts Wild Animal Park is committed to one thing, the conservation, breeding, and reintroduction of rare and endangered animals.
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Port Lympne Reserve is situated near the town of Hythe in Kent, England. It is setup in a total area of 600 acres. This was designed by architect Sir Herbert Baker during the World War I. The site near Lympne was purchased in 1973 by John Aspinall to solve the lack of space at Howletts Wild Animal Park, and it was opened to the public in 1976. Since 1984 the animal park has been owned and maintained by The John Aspinall Foundation. There are three different zones in this park named as the palace of the apes, which is home to the gorillas, second is the African Adventure, built in the area of hundred acres, which has many African wild animals such as Giraffe, Zebra, Black Rhino, Defassa Waterbuck, Hog Deer, Axis Deer, Roan Antelope, Ostrich, Wildebeest, Red Lechwe, Greater Kudu, Eland, Blackbuck and many more. The third is the Discovery Zone which is home to a pair meerkats, pygmy marmosets, cockroaches, green basilisk lizard, false water cobra, green tree frog, tree python and several species of tortoise and tarantula.
Nature is the best gift of God to us, and we are the guardians of it. We must join hands in hands to protect the wildlife else the day will not be much far when the ecological imbalance would occur, and the food chain will be destroyed. For the better of the human race, we must conserve the forests which host the wild life. It is not only the duty of the rescue groups or these foundations to protect the wild animals, but it is our solemn duty of the whole humankind to conserve them.