Wild animals – True Gems On Our Planet
Mother Earth is our ancestral heritage. Not only humans but flora and fauna are also the equally vital part of the natural world. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 8.7 million is estimated total number of species that exist on the Earth with 10,000 new species discovered every year. Some factors, which are discussed below, are leading to the depletion of our ecosystem. Many species are already extinct while many are on the verge of extinction. In 2012, IUCN Red list declared 3079 species of animals and 2655 species of plants as endangered. The quality and quantity of wild life and their habitat is gradually falling for decades. Human beings are the part of ecosystem; being one of a kind among millions, have learnt to grow as a part of it rather than moving apart. It is solemn duty of the mankind to protect the wild life and further prevent them from extinction.
To prevent animals from being listed as endangered, there is a need to take note of the factors that terminate them. A rapid increase in human population and the demand for resources is the main cause for depletion of the natural habitat of the wildlife. With a decrease in the natural territory, wild animals have to look high and low for shelter and food. Deforestation is the chief root, followed by natural disasters. Hunting and poaching animals have been a long practice since ages which has endangered a lot of species. Pollution and global warming result in the death of thousands of wild animals per year. The trend of genetic modification is a serious threat to the wildlife. Various other factors also contribute towards the decrease in the number of wild life species.
There are many foundations and trusts that rescue wild animals and provide them the natural habitats to live in. Membership of animal conserving organizations is emerging with the help of TV promotions about wildlife conservation. There are funders like ASPCA which grants for animal welfare in the United States and provide funding to all the foundations in the 50 states. The organizations rescuing wild animals raise funds through the donations and use the money to provide the basic facilities to the rescued animals. The rescued animals are given proper medical attention along with natural habitat, food, and water. Human activity results in thousands of animals being sick, injured and orphaned. These animals may suffer and die in pain or of starvation if left unattended. These foundations focus on wild care when any animal is found in distress.
Objectives and Vision
- Rescue and care for sick, injured, orphaned and displaced wildlife with the intention of returning them to the wild.
- Provide training to volunteers in all aspects of wildlife rehabilitation.
- Promote the protection of wildlife by maintaining and re-establishing habitat, and by controlling feral and domestic animals.
- Advise the community on solutions to wildlife problems.
- Raise public awareness of wildlife and its diverse habitat requirements through community talks and education programs.
- Operate an efficient wildlife organization which can be contacted at any time by any person.
Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service Inclusive, Wildlife Victoria and Wildcare Australia Inclusive are the three main foundations that serve the wild animals in Australia. WIRES being the largest organization in the Australia have been serving the animals for past thirty years. Over the last year, Wildlife Victoria had rescued 43,528 different animals. Wildcare Australia aims to provide medical facilities to the accident prone animals with the aim of returning them to wild.
All the wildlife rescues in southeast Queensland are provided by Wildcare Australia Inc. It is licensed by the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection and also holds a Group Rehabilitation Permit. This Permit allows its members who have completed necessary training to care for sick, injured and orphaned wildlife.
Asia is home to largest species of both flora and fauna. There are different trusts set up in different parts of the continent. Animals Asia and Wildlife Friends Foundation Thailand are the leading foundations that provide shelter to the orphan, physically challenged and rescued animals. With an aim to abolish barbaric bear bile trade, Animals Asia had rescued 500 bears and kept them in sanctuaries in China and Vietnam.
India has many wildlife parks and sanctuaries. Jim Corbett Nation Park in Nainital, Uttar Pradesh is the biggest animal shelter in India with over an area of 500 square kilometers. It conserves different species of animals like Tiger, panther, sloth bear, hyena, elephant, blue deer, barking deer, Indian antelope, porcupine, pecker barbet, crocodile, python etc. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary situated in Assam is the biggest home of rhinoceros whereas Manas Wildlife Sanctuary has most number of tigers in India.
African wildlife foundation has been working continuously for increasing the population of giant African Elephants, rhinoceros, and hippopotamus. There are seventeen different wildlife parks, sanctuaries, and reserves over the continent. Despite this, African large cats are facing a treat of uncertain future. Africa lies in the equatorial region. The temperature during the peak hours of summer months can easily lead to dehydration causing a large number of deaths.
Many measures are taken by the foundations by building canals and providing flowing water to the animal habitat. All these efforts have resulted in an increase of population of elephants. There have been fourteen percent increase in their population from 2014 to 2017. Cameroon is habitat to both savanna species such as lions and giraffes and primates like chimpanzees and gorilla.
There are more than forty five wildlife parks and sanctuaries in the Europe. Some of them are government funded while others are privately owned. Europe has a diverse variety of flora and fauna. It is the only continent which lies in the North Polar Region, so many different species exist there. Eurogroup for wild animals is the biggest active foundation in the continent which serves to the wild. It is against the use of animals in circus and dolphin aria for public entertainment because this causes psychological problems in the animals. Some of the major problems faced by them are-
- The ability to execute many natural behaviors is abolished.
- The animals are expected to perform unnatural behaviors.
- The training of the animals involves physical punishment.
- The animals are not provided the diet they need for their complete development.
The animals and exotic pets kept in captivity are not provided the environment they are naturally born to live in. This organization cares for the animals to the best of their extent. The rescued animals are then shifted to these wildlife parks. Many of these are not open to the public. Some parks like Howletts Wild Animal Park and Port Lympne Wild Animal Park are open to the public.
There are a lot of wild life rehab centers situated in South America. Below you can see some of the major ones based on their region. Each one of them has exactly the same mission, to help and rescue the animals in need.
- Wildlife Education and Rehabilitation Center Inclusive
- Coast and Canyon Wildlife Rehabilitation
- Wildlife Rehabilitation Center of Minnesota
- CLAWS Inc.
- Pocono Wildlife Rehabilitation and Education Center
- Skye’s Spirit Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
- Texas Wildlife Rehabilitation Coalition
- Florida Keys Wild Bird Rehabilitation Center
- Wildlife Images Rehabilitation and Education Center
- Greenwood Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
- The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center
- Cape Wildlife Center
- El Puma Ecological Park: Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Center
- Black Howler Monkeys Volunteer Center
- Proyecto Asis: Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Center
- Rancho Mastatal: Environmental Learning Center & Lodge
- La Tortuga Feliz: Sea Turtle Conservation
- The Ara Project/Hatched to Fly Free
All these organizations cover the different aspects. There are a large variety of wild animals that are rescued, treated by these and study is done about their physical appearances and their behavior patterns. Some of these organizations are the leading research centers too. These centers are known for their different animal species that are kept and nurtured by them. These organizations are spread all over the South America and provide emergency help to the wildlife.
Every province of the Canada has their own wildlife rescue organizations. The forests of Nova Scotia are the home to twenty percent fauna found in the country. The Wildlife Rescue Association of British Columbia was setup in 1979 to rehabilitate wildlife affected by human activity and natural circumstances. The Alberta Institute for Wildlife Conversation is operating since 1993 and is specifically focusing on injured animals. It serves the Calgary region and southern Alberta.
According to the Ontario Wildlife Organization, “The first 24 to 48 hours after a wild animal is found is the most critical. They usually have been without food or water for a while and are confused and afraid. Connecting with wildlife professional quickly can save their life.” They serve their best to the animals fighting for their survival. The chief motto is to save the lives of injured animals. Toronto Wildlife Centre is a licensed wildlife rehabilitation facility operating under permissions granted by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Canadian Wildlife Services. It also follows the Wildlife Rehabilitators Code of Ethics written together by NWRA and IWRC.
FROM THE BLOG
Nature has an abundance of wildlife and plants. They live together with a close relationship. They develop with each other. The plants provide shelter and food to the animals. The animals live in the arms of nature. Due to logging of forests, the resources are not enough for the animals. The animals do not find the shelter to live. Their natural habitat is reducing, and the animals are becoming homeless. They are shifted to the animal reserves and sanctuaries. There are various parks and sanctuaries in the world.
Every country has its regional species in their reserves. They host natural habitat and food to the wild animals. They support the animals during the breeding time. Their population was declining when they were in the forests, but when the animals moved to the reserves, they increased in number. There are many famous parks in India. Jim Corbett National Park and Gir forest national park are the major ones. These are discussed in brief below.
Jim Corbett national park
Jim Corbett was established in 1936 and is the oldest national park in India. It is situated near Nainital in Uttrakhand and has more than six hundred species of fauna living happily. It is located in the marsh grasslands with major lake and river flowing steadily. Unfortunately, it is colder during the winter nights but the days are shiny and comfortable. This reserve is famous for its tiger population. The tigers living in the park are popular for their hunt of large animals like elephants.
Leopards, barking deer, sambar deer, hog deer, chital, sloth, black bears, gorals, langur, and elephants are some of the widespread species of wild animals living in reserve. This park is open to the public throughout the year, and jeep safari is famous among tourists. Every year more than one lakh tourists visit the spot. It is the favorite spot for photography lovers and wild animal lovers.
Gir forest national park
The Gir forest national park is situated in Gujarat with an area of more than fourteen hundred kilometer squares. It is supported by government and many NGO’s. They care for flora and fauna of the park. The park hosts more than five hundred lions. There are 2375 different species of fauna found in the Gir forest national park. This park is home to Asiatic lions. The population of the lions is increasing in the park. This park is the main home to lions in the whole Asia.
The wild animals are an important part of nature. We should not take their natural habitats from them; and also should not keep them in captivity. This tortures the animals mentally, and they get depressed and aggressive. We should support the NGO’s that promote the welfare of the wild animals. Various wild life rescue groups are working across the world that supports and treat the wild animals with proper safety precautions. These rescue groups have saved many lives, and they also help in the good breeding of the wild animals so that their population can be increased.
There are many species of wild animals. They all belong to different habitats. Lions, tigers, and leopards are the wild cats. They are distributed over the entire land mass from Africa to Asia. Do you want to know about them in depth? A brief about them is being discussed below.
Lions are the kings of forests, we all know this fact. Let’s talk about the major differences between lions and the direct competition for them such as tigers and leopards
- are the second long living wild cats after tigers, having the life span of ten to fourteen years in the wild and more than twenty years in captivity.
- are the bravest of all wild cats.
- can be easily recognized by their fur around the head, and these are terrifying animals in the wild. spend their entire day by taking rest. They rest for twenty hours and roam for three hours. They usually spend fifty minutes per day in eating. They mostly eat animal flesh and are called hyper carnivores. They mostly hunt animals like buffaloes, deer, zebras, giraffes; they also love to hunt in groups.
- spend their entire day by taking rest. rest for twenty hours and roam for three hours. They usually spend fifty minutes per day in eating. They mostly eat animal flesh and are called hyper carnivores. They mostly hunt animals like buffaloes, deer, zebras, giraffes; they also love to hunt in groups.
- rest for twenty hours and roam for three hours. usually, spend fifty minutes per day in eating.
- usually, spend fifty minutes per day in eating.
- mostly eat animal flesh and are called hyper carnivores.mostly hunt animals like buffaloes, deer, zebras, giraffes; they also love to hunt in groups.
- mostly hunt animals like buffaloes, deer, zebras, giraffes; they also love to hunt in groups.
- are very social animals, and they barely attack human, but their appearance can scare any person to death. In the eighteen century, the second largest population on the earth was of African lions, after the humans.
- can reproduce in any season after the age of four, and their litter consists of two to four cubs.
- live in pride which consists of two females and a male.
Their population declined by seventy percent by the mid of twentieth century. Their roar can be heard from ten miles away. Lions have cultural importance too; they are worshiped for their bravery and is mostly associated with goddess Durga.
Tigers and leopards
Tigers and leopards are also two wild species of cats. They can be easily seen at various zoos and reserves across the world. As compared to Lions the Tigers usually prefer dense forests and high grasslands. The habitat of Bengal tiger is usually near the water resource with an abundance of prey. The male can cover a territory ranging from sixty-kilometer square to hundred kilometers square. They love to spend their time in the water. They can swim for up to seven hours for pleasure. Leopards and Jaguars have lighter physiques compared to others. Both of them are known as black panthers. A leopard can run at the speed of sixty kilometers per hour. Their population is declining due to lack of habitat and fragmentation across various parts of the world.
Various hybrids of big cats have existed, and the evolution of various other cats has been continued for centuries. The snow tigers, white leopards, black jaguars, and cheetahs are various other sub groups among the species. Due to lack of resources the exotic wild cats are reducing in number, we must not support deforestation and provide them their natural habitat to live happily. The animals kept in captivity should be properly cared and provide the best possible habitat for their better development. We should protect the wildlife as it is the most beautiful gift of nature.
Earth is home to many different species of animals that live on land and in water. Animals live in their groups and natural surroundings suitable for them according to their needs which become their habitat. They depend on their habitats to provide them the protection, shelter, food, and water. But due to natural calamities like floods, droughts, etc. and human activities like deforestation, the natural habitats of the wild animals is depleting. Due to depletion of forests at very high rate, the animals are lacking the space for living, and they have to fight for the food and territory. Such aggressive behaviors among animals lead to the violence.
The n natural deaths, deaths due to fights for territory and flesh and deaths due to human factors such as hunting all combining and lead to decrease in the population of animals. This has resulted in animals being listed on endangered list; in fact, many of the animals have already left the world with no traces of them left over. The extinction of wild animals is not healthy for the food chain and can cause the collapse of the ecosystem. The food chain is the chart of species describing who eats whom. Just imagine if all the lions disappear and the population of deer increase, resulting in a lack of grass for them, would cause the death of many deer due to starvation, or they would fight for their survival.
Protection of wild animals
It is essential for us to protect the wildlife, and provide the animals their natural habitat which is being taken away from them. There should be a ban on deforestation. Forestation should be increased. The government should make the forests restricted sites where the human interference would not be tolerable. By taking such steps, the natural habitat of the wild animals would increase. These all are the responsibilities of the government, but what can we do too on our basis to promote the survival of wild animals? We can join the various wildlife protection Non-Government Organizations and welfare communities. These raise the fund from public and its active members and help the wild life.
They give medical treatment to the injured animals and rescue them in the hours of an emergency. The rescue organizations serve the wild life to the best of its extent and release them back into the wild or the sanctuaries where these animals can live their lives independently. They have their own specially trained security teams and the medical representatives for the treatment of wild animals. The rescue groups can be joined and supported by anyone who is willing to serve the animals. It is the need of the hour of to join hands in hands and support the NGO’s that promotes the welfare of nature and its inhabitants that are wild animals. Our one move to join wild life rescue groups will provide them more funds and thus save more lives. Wild animals are significant for our ecosystem, and we should take every possible step to protect them.
We all love animals, some of us even keep them as pets. The popular choice among people among animals as pets is a dog. We mostly see dogs in houses. They are humans’ best friends since ages. Some traces of dogs being kept as pets are found to be thirteen hundred years old. And we have seen dogs in the military too. They are the guardian of a human with natural intelligence. Cats, birds, fishes are other typical examples of pets preferred by society. But one in thousands has adopted exotic pets. The wild cats, monkeys, seals, zebras, horses and many other species of animals are kept as pets too. We all provide love, attention, care, and food to the animals that we keep in our homes. But have you thought of what about the animals that live in the wild? Who takes care of their needs? Who protects them?
Nobody gives them the shelter or food. They made their living. They are dependent on the mother Earth that provides them everything. Summers, winters, rains, floods, droughts, natural calamities, they bare everything. They have the experience of harsh times; they have slept many days without food and water. They know how to survive in such conditions. Their natural habitat that is the forest is everything to them, but humans are cutting them down and taking away their natural homes.
What are the consequences? Have you ever thought! They die of starvation and other causes. Can we live a single night without food and home? Nobody can, they too have their families, which die in front of them, just because of the human interference. We provide the utmost care for the same animals kept in our houses then why we cannot let them live happily in their habitats? Why we hunt them for their skin and fur?
Consequences of our careless
If we cannot protect animals then who gave us the right to take away their homes? We are not meant to take away their homes under any condition. Forests are their natural shelter provided to them by nature; we should not take away their homes. We must try to protect their habitat and conserve from further depletion. It is important to save their habitat because nobody can survive without that. Humans also cannot live without their homes, same like animals. They too need resources to fulfill their needs.
Wild animals lack the food; they fight for the flesh and water. We provide everything to our pets, but we take away the only source available to wild animals. Nature provides them natural protection in the forests. They get natural homes; they do not work to make theirs. They get their food from the plants and other animals living in the woods. They do have their territories where they roam freely and happily. Taking away their resources makes them sad, and they suffer because of us only. Wild animals also have feelings like pets; they too need to live, we must not interfere in their habitats and let them live happily.
Our earth is home to a large number of species which include Homo sapiens, flora, and fauna. All plants and animals are an important part of our ecosystem. All birds, reptiles, marine life all are the important part of our food chain. These are all dependent on each other in one or another way. Any depletion in any level of the food chain would result in the collapse of the whole food chain. The famous scientist, Sir Albert Einstein already released an official statement that if only bees disappear from Earth, entire human life will end in just four years. Does the humankind want to take such chance? What can be more important than our survival? Bees, which come under a lower level of the food chain, can cause such havoc then think of the consequences if the upper level of food chain extinct.
Importance of preserving the wildlife
Why do we need to save the wild animals? What is their importance? Why should we make a step towards their preservation? The first primary aspect is we are humans, we the part of this ecosystem. We have managed to develop with nature, not apart from it. It is our duty to protect every single species of both plants and animals as they are a major part of our planet. We have to preserve the endangered species so that we would not lose them permanently.
Have you ever thought what if the dinosaurs were still alive? We do not want our children to just read about the tigers, which is the national animal of India in books only. Like tigers, every wild animal has its importance. To remove animals from the list of endangered, we need to preserve them. Already many species have left the world, and we were not able to do anything except remembering their existence.
And, if we cannot do anything to conserve them then who gave us the right to take their natural habitat from them? Who gave us the right to remove the forests which are their homes, to make our houses? Nobody gave us the right to take their precious lives by hunting them for their skin and fur. We are humans, we have feelings, and then how can we take their lives for the sake of fun? Is it a good idea to keep them in captivities for entertainment?
It not only takes their freedom but also tortures them mentally. The animals kept in zoos do not know how to hunt animals for their flesh. They do not know how to survive in the wildlife, and it abolishes their natural capability to hunt. Animals too have feelings; they perform in the circus not to entertain us but to get their feed. We are indirectly hurting them, does this is what humanity is supposed to do? What if you are kept in captivity for your entire life and made to perform in the circus? We should not commit this crime and raise our voice against animal cruelty. Our one support can save many lives.
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Built in the area of ninety acres, Howletts Wild Animal Park is zoo situated near Canterbury, Kent which inhabits the different rescued animals from all over the United Kingdom. There are more than four hundred and fifty species of animals that can be found there. This park has been owned by The John Aspinall Foundation. The basic aim of this park is to develop a sound relationship between the animals and the staff and to breed rare and endangered species from all over the Europe. This park hosts the finest breed of western lowland gorillas in the world. These mammals are native to the Democratic Republic of Congo; these are breed up here by providing the artificial habitat created by the park caretakers.
These animals are adaptable to wetlands and the rain forests. Large swampy forests give protection to the gorillas. As the same habitat was not available at the park, the officials created the same by planting trees and creating forest so that the gorillas could live their life without any issues. This artificially created park also helped the gorillas in safest breeding. Gorillas were killed for their skin and meat in Africa and sold to the zoos for captivity which leads to building up stress in them. This park provided them the protection and best living standards. This also led to building a strong relationship with the animal. The scientific study of gorillas is made possible only because of this park. The park also hosts a great number of elephants and the lion tailed macaques. In the United Kingdom, this park is the largest breeding group of these animals. Howletts Wild Animal Park is committed to one thing, the conservation, breeding, and reintroduction of rare and endangered animals.
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Port Lympne Reserve is situated near the town of Hythe in Kent, England. It is setup in a total area of 600 acres. This was designed by architect Sir Herbert Baker during the World War I. The site near Lympne was purchased in 1973 by John Aspinall to solve the lack of space at Howletts Wild Animal Park, and it was opened to the public in 1976. Since 1984 the animal park has been owned and maintained by The John Aspinall Foundation. There are three different zones in this park named as the palace of the apes, which is home to the gorillas, second is the African Adventure, built in the area of hundred acres, which has many African wild animals such as Giraffe, Zebra, Black Rhino, Defassa Waterbuck, Hog Deer, Axis Deer, Roan Antelope, Ostrich, Wildebeest, Red Lechwe, Greater Kudu, Eland, Blackbuck and many more. The third is the Discovery Zone which is home to a pair meerkats, pygmy marmosets, cockroaches, green basilisk lizard, false water cobra, green tree frog, tree python and several species of tortoise and tarantula.
Nature is the best gift of God to us, and we are the guardians of it. We must join hands in hands to protect the wildlife else the day will not be much far when the ecological imbalance would occur, and the food chain will be destroyed. For the better of the human race, we must conserve the forests which host the wild life. It is not only the duty of the rescue groups or these foundations to protect the wild animals, but it is our solemn duty of the whole humankind to conserve them.